A thrombus, also known as blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation process. It consists of two components: aggregated platelets and red blood cells that form a plug, and a mesh of cross-linked fibrin protein. Blood clots are a healthy response to injury intended to prevent bleeding, but can be harmful in thrombosis, when they obstruct blood flow through healthy blood vessels and cause a strokewhich may be fatal.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the USA. Every year, more than 130 000 people die from a stroke in the USA alone, and the number is bigger around the world. According to the CDC, a person has a stroke every 40 seconds, and another dies from it every 4 minutes

There are many factors which significantly increase the risk of stroke such as being over 65, smoking, excess use of some medications and alcohol abuse. There are two types of stroke: ischemic, when the blood flow to the brain is obstructed and hemorrhagic, which occurs due to bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain. Both types are highly dangerous and fatal in a big number of cases

Types of blood clots

Just like strokes, there are two types of blood clots as well – arterial and venous. Arterial blood clots form in arteries, preventing bloodand oxygen from reaching important organs. These blood clots usually occur in the feet and legs, but may also appear in the brain as well

The main symptoms of arterial blood clots are muscles aches and spasms, cold hands or feet, weakness in the area, loss of color on the skin, tingling or numbness in the legs or arms and cold fingers and toes. Some risk factors for arterial blood clots are high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, diabetes and inactive lifestyle.

Venous blood clots form in the veins and occur due to physical trauma or surgery. The venous blood clots can be divided into 3 groups – pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis and superficial venous thrombosis. Deep vein thrombosis appears in the legs, superficial venous thrombosis is common in surface veins, while pulmonary embolism is essentially deep vein thrombosis that has broken off the original point and reached the lungs.

The common symptoms of venous blood clots are redness in the area, painful and inflamed skin and painful veins. There are additional symptoms that vary depending on the location

Lungs

Excessive sweating, bloody coughs, shortness of breath and fever.

Arms or legs

Tenderness and swelling, inflammation and pain.

Brain

Vision problems, weakness in the limbs and face, headaches, slurred speech, dizziness.

 

Abdomen

Digestive problems such as diarrhea or constipation.

Heart

Venous blood clots in the heart may lead to chest pain and discomfort, nausea, sweating and shortness of breath.

In order to prevent any type of blood clots, you should avoid smoking and drinking too much, avoid using medications often and lead a healthy and active lifestyle. Furthermore, here are six natural supplements and blood thinners which can prevent blood clots:

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can reinforce your cardiovascular health and prevent blood clots.

 

Vitamin E

Eat more avocados, walnuts, broccoli and leafy green vegetables to stock up on vitamin E and prevent blood clots.

Omega-3 fatty acids

These compounds are important for your heart and for the prevention of blood clots.

Gingko Biloba

This tree can be taken in the form of a supplement and can reduce the content of fibrin in the blood, which is important for the formation of blood clots.

Turmeric and ginger

Both ingredients can lower the ability of blood platelets to clump together, effectively reducing the risk of blood clots.

Natural antibiotics

Olive oil, garlic and onions are powerful antibiotics that can prevent thrombosis and reduce the risk of stroke.

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